Month: April 2018

Atherosclerosis Explained

Throughout your lifetime fat and cholesterol mix together with other material and begin to line the walls of your blood vessels. This mixture is called plaque. As time passes, the plaque becomes hard and gets thicker. This causes your blood vessels to become more narrow and can even completely block them if it goes untreated.

As you can imagine, it’s difficult for blood to pass through these narrow vessels. As a result, stress is put on the heart. This leads to heart disease and can eventually cause a heart attack if there’s blockage in the actual coronary blood vessels themselves.

In addition, pieces of the hardened plaque can actually separate from the walls and break away. When this happens the small piece flows through the blood vessels and can actually cause a heart attack or even a stroke.

In addition, blood clots can form around the rogue piece of plaque and block blood flow even further. The clots can also travel to the brain, heart, or lungs. The tragic result of this may be as serious as a stroke, heart attack, or pulmonary embolism.

Unfortunately, there are rarely symptoms of atherosclerosis until you have a serious issue such as chest pain or even a heart attack. Early stages of it can sometimes be heard through a stethoscope, but usually more extensive testing is required to diagnose hardening of the arteries.

The good news is that if you catch it early, there’s plenty you can do to keep it from getting worse. Your doctor may prescribe a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet in order to reduce the amount of cholesterol and fat in your blood. You may also need to increase your physical activity and work to lose some weight.

In more serious cases, medication may be required to help lower cholesterol and even thin the blood to prevent clots. Surgical intervention through angioplasty is also a treatment option. A procedure called endarterectomy can be performed to actually remove some of the plaque from the vessel walls, though this isn’t as common.

In very serious cases of blockage, heart bypass surgery may need to be performed. This creates a bypass around the blockage in the heart and can prevent heart attacks from occurring.

Automatic Defibrillators at Home and at Work

One of the most important advances in emergency response is the development of the automatic defibrillator. This is a device that helps to electronically stimulate the heart to beat if someone is having a heart attack.

In the past, first responders had to rely on CPR to keep the blood pumping through the body until help arrived, but now a trained person can actually begin a procedure to start the heart.

Automatic external defibrillators (AED) are very user friendly. They come with two self-stick pads that are attacked the chest in specific areas. Then you press a button on the machine to begin the process.

The machine analyzes the heartbeat and tells the responder what to do. For example, if there’s no shockable heart rhythm, the machine will tell you to continue to administer CPR.

The machine will also intermittently check the heart rate by telling you to stop CPR and wait. If it finds a shockable rhythm, it will tell you to clear everyone away from the person and press the button to administer the electricity. It will then measure the heartbeat and give you instructions for what to do next.

Defibrillators can be found in many workplaces and on airplanes. They allow someone to get quick medical treatment while waiting for an ambulance to arrive. AEDs have been shown to increase chances of survival from a heart attack by 50-74%. It’s also possible to purchase one for your home, though they cost over a thousand dollars at this time.

One thing that’s critical is that you receive the proper training to use the AED. Along with using the AED, you may need to perform CPR. If CPR is performed incorrectly, it can lead to injury.

You can receive training in both AED and CPR at your local American Heart Association or American Red Cross. This training is relatively inexpensive and is lifesaving. You may also want to talk to someone in your workplace about investing in an AED for the office as well as training the entire staff to use it.

Before the AED came into existence, people could only perform CPR. CPR isn’t designed to restart the heart; it only helps to keep oxygen moving throughout the tissues of the body until medical help arrives.

What Is Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea?

Firstly, yes, this is a tongue-twister, I had to have a few goes before I pronounced it properly, not to mention that it sounds like a scary zombie disease! So, what does it actually mean? To break it down quite simply- Paroxymal is means a sudden outburst or attack; nocturnal means night and dyspnea is shortness of breath. Together, Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea (PND) is the sense of oxygen deficiency during sleep, the oxygen deprivation causes a person to cough and wheeze, which significantly increases diastolic pressure.

So it isn’t a zombie disease, but most would say it is scary. PND is a common symptom of congestive heart failure. A person suffering from a PND will need urgent medical attention- calling an ambulance is the first immediate step, however other treatments to appease the episode could include taking nitroglycerin and diuretics.

PND has very similar symptoms to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA), however is not an independent separate disease. PND is very different, it is a severe clinical syndrome directly related to acute heart failure.

People suffering from obstructive sleep apnea syndrome have a significant decrease in the muscle tone of their respiratory tract during sleep, which leads to obstruction of airways. This causes episodes of apnea where breathing completely stops.

During such pauses, the oxygen content of the blood drops, and signals are received in the respiratory center that the tissues are in a state of hypoxia. After 10-20 seconds, the oxygen level in the blood drops to the minimum, and this finally causes the body to react to the situation. A microstimulation of the brain increases the muscle tone of the upper respiratory tract that helps to inhale. For several seconds after that, the breathing of the sleeper remains frequent and deep. At this time, the person also experiences shortness of breath, although they may not wake up.

Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea Causes?

Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea is common among elderly people with heart problems, however it can still happen to anyone who suffers from:

  • left ventricular failure in a period of exacerbation;
  • acute myocardial infarction;
  • acute myocarditis;
  • aneurysms of the heart;
  • postpartum cardiomyopathy;
  • cardiosclerosis;
  • mitral stenosis;
  • aortic insufficiency;
  • the presence of a large intracardiac thrombus or tumor.

The exacerbation factors that can cause the PND episode in a person with the medical issues listed above are:

  • pneumonia;
  • kidney damage;
  • disorders of cerebral circulation;
  • emotional overwork;
  • big dinner for the night;
  • hypervolemia;
  • Rapid changing from vertical to horizontal body position.

What are the Symptoms of Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea?The most common symptoms of PND are the following:

  • intermittent sleep;
  • dyspnea with physical exercises;
  • dyspnea at night in a lying position, but relieving in a sitting position;
  • a cough with wheezing;
  • production of sputum, sometimes with blood;
  • whistling in the lungs;
  • a constant sense of lack of air;
  • pain in the chest;
  • arrhythmia;
  • feet swelling;
  • fatigue and drowsiness.

Typically an episode occurs as follows: a person wakes up from a nightmarish dream, feeling tight in the chest and a desire to sit down, their breathing is deep and hard. Narrowing of the bronchioles creates shortness of breath, which makes it hard for the person to speak. When sitting, the person usually leans forward slightly. Their skin becomes pale because of the spasm of surface vessels, and sometimes they break into a sweat. PND can start suddenly and can stop just as suddenly in half an hour. The person may still suffer from dyspnea in the morning when they wake.Why does Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea cause these Symptoms?

During sleep in a person with heart problems, body fluid begins to redistribute from tissues into the blood, which during the day accumulated in the legs or abdominal cavity. This process does not happen rapidly so after falling asleep there would be no immediate symptoms. Paroxysmal dyspnea develops slowly after a considerable time after falling asleep.

In people with heart failure, the left side of the heart does not work at full strength, so the small circle of blood circulation cannot cope with the additional volume of fluid. This volume stays in the excess vessels of the lungs. This additional volume then moves from the vessels into the lung tissue, which leads to the development of interstitial pulmonary edema.

The severest form of paroxysmal dyspnea is acute pulmonary edema, which develops as a result of increased pressure in the pulmonary capillaries and leads to alveolar edema. The typical symptoms of pulmonary edema are the acute shortage of air, wet wheezing, and bloody sputum. Acute pulmonary edema can quickly lead to death.

How to Treat Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea?

Before treatment, it is crucial to perform a thorough medical assessment to determine the cause of the paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. An appropriate examination, exploration of medical history, chest X-ray, ECG, ultrasound of the heart and Doppler of the heart is crucial for an accurate diagnosis.

During the acute paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea episode, it is vital to call an ambulance due to the high risk of developing pulmonary edema. First aid for the person includes remaining calm, placing them in a semi-sitting position, and putting their feet in a hot bath. Give the person nitroglycerin under the tongue and repeat the drug every 5-10 minutes. If the attack is accompanied by pain and dyspnea, analgesics could also be used. Further therapy can be carried out according to the cause of the disease.

The general recommendation for preventing paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea are stopping smoking, weight reduction in obese persons and normalizing blood pressure levels. A strict diet high in fresh fruits and vegetables and avoiding heavily salted food is also recommended. Oxygen therapy is an effective means of controlling the disease, for use not only in the hospital but also at home.

Prevention of the disease consists in the timely treatment of chronic coronary artery disease and heart failure, arterial hypertension, observance of the water-salt regime, prevention of infectious diseases.

A thorough medical assessment must to be undertaken to ensure the correct syndrome is diagnosed, so if you think you have obstructive sleep apnea symptoms, it could be PND, so get it properly checked out by a doctor.

Mandita has been a sufferer of OSA syndrome for many years, which caused her excessive loud snoring. As this is a sleeping disorder that is not widely spoken about, she found it hard to locate information to help her understand the causes and symptoms of the syndrome, and also the treatments available.

Tips To Reduce Your Risk Of Heart Disease And Stroke

Heart disease can be a serious affair if you don’t take immediate action. Nowadays, the condition is very common among men and women both. And the main cause of it is the poor lifestyle that pushes us toward the dangerous disease. Preventing the condition before it’s too late is compulsory and if you are looking for a few ways that help you deal with it, so, here are some tips. Take a look to know about them.

Take Your Health Seriously: A heart attack is undoubtedly one of the common reasons that lead to death at any age. In an order to prevent it, you first have to take the responsibility for your health. Incorporate any exercise or workout in your routine that helps your heart stay healthy for a longer period.

Quit Smoking: Smoking is injurious to health, even the pack says so. It’s time to take the warning seriously, as it may otherwise only increase problems for you. To keep your heart healthy and away from all the disease, quit it right away. Also, try your level best to keep yourself away from the second-hand smoke.

Count Your Calories: Calories not only increase your weight, but also leads to a number of heart diseases and stroke is one of them. To prevent it or to stay healthy, you should limit the intake of calories. Binge on fruits and vegetables that help you control it and prevent major health disease.

Lower Your Blood Pressure: Though it doesn’t cause any symptom, but can be very dangerous for your heart health. Therefore, it is important for you to take as much as necessary preventive measures to lower down your high blood pressure.

Control Your Cholesterol Level: Cholesterol is also an enemy of the heart that can increase your chances of getting the stroke. Hence, it would be great if you modify your diet and eliminate all the food items from it that increase high cholesterol in your body.

Shed Down Excess Weight: Obesity can also kill you and increase your chances of getting a heart disease or stroke than a normal person. So, if you are overweight, as per your body mass index (BMI), go and take some steps to drop inches.

These are a few tips that you always need to keep in your mind to prevent heart disease or stroke. In case you are suffering from the condition, find out the best heart hospital near you and take the treatment shortly.

Looking for Heart Hospital In India then Indo American Health is well known Medical Tourism Company In India provide you the right support for finding the hospital for the treatment at the reasonably price.

 

5 Habits That Affect Your Heart

The heart is the main organ in the cardiovascular system, whose function is to pump blood throughout the body, transferring nutrients, oxygen, hormones, and other substances to the appropriate tissues and organs.

When the heart and blood vessels do not work as they should, it gives rise to disorders known as cardiovascular diseases that can be dangerous to your life.

A person who has heart problems is prone to various risk factors – from arterial wear to a heart attack. However, scientists say that the way of life also affects the work of the heart. Therefore, you should know about these 5 habits that can cause heart problems.

Sedentary Lifestyle
If you sit at the computer or in front of the TV for hours, the risk of a stroke increases, even if you regularly exercise. The exercises you do a couple times a week do not compensate for the time you spend in a motionless state.

A sedentary lifestyle has a bad effect on the level of fats and sugar in the blood. Therefore, even if you have to sit for a long time, try to get up and walk from time to time.

Ignoring Snoring
Snoring is often the subject of jokes but in fact, it can be a serious signal. For example, obstructive sleep apnea (a short-term respiratory arrest while sleeping, which can cause an increase in blood pressure) significantly increases the risk of a heart disease.

It is estimated that more than 18 million adults suffer from sleep apnea. This is especially true for people who are overweight or obese. If you snore and often wake up in a broken state, it’s best to consult a doctor. There are easy ways to detect apnea, as well as successful treatment methods.

Smoking or Cohabitation with a Smoker
Here is another advice to you – do not smoke. Smoking is a total disaster for your heart. It promotes the formation of blood clots that can block the flow of blood to the heart and leads to the accumulation of plaques in the arteries.

If you smoke, not only do you put yourself at risk but you also endanger those who live near. Each year, about 46,000 non-smoking people who live with smokers die from heart diseases due to passive smoking.

Overeating
The main cause of heart diseases is being overweight. To avoid overeating problems, try to do the following:
• Don’t eat large portions of food
• Replace sweet drinks with water
• Reduce the consumption of high-calorie dishes
• Keep in mind that products with the “low in fat” inscription often contain a lot of calories

Suppression of Stress, Aggression or Irritation
If you are experiencing negative emotions for a long time but you cannot express them, it puts a heavy burden on your heart.

Those who suppress stress for a long time, endanger themselves. Studies prove that the ability to laugh heartily and maintain friendly relations, as well as enjoy social and family support, have a positive impact on your heart health. Sharing your problems with people who support you is very beneficial for a healthy living.

To learn more about risk factors of heart disease, please visit CardioGod – an informative website that provides useful information on cardiovascular health.

 

The 4-Step Heart-Saver Plan

You’ll be walking to a new beat! Heart disease is one of the biggest killers. Every year thousands of men – and women – die of heart disease while still in their 30s, 40s and 50s.

If you want to reduce YOUR risk of heart disease – or your partner’s chances of dying early of heart disease, here’s how it can be done in four easy steps:

1. CUT DOWN ON ANIMAL FATS

Four out of five people still eat far too much fatty food. If it’s going to do its job properly your heart needs a good regular supply of oxygenated blood. But every mouthful of fat you eat clogs up your arteries just a little bit more. But however how much fat you’ve eaten in the past, it’s not too late to act – if you act NOW. Cutting down your consumption of fat will help keep your arteries open. If you keep on eating fatty foods, the fat will stick to the inside walls of your arteries.

Here’s what you must do:

Eat less red meat – and when you do buy meat, make sure that you buy lean meat. Then cut off any visible fat.

Drink skimmed or semi-skimmed milk.

Eat low-fat spreads instead of butter. Butter has probably killed thousands.

Limit yourself to 2 or 3 eggs a week.

2. START EXERCISING

How much regular exercise do you take? One in three people takes no regular exercise. And most of the rest either exercise sporadically or exercise too much.

Remember: the key words are REGULAR and MODERATE. If you’re going to protect your heart you need to exercise three times a week for an hour or so.

Join a gym. Go to a swimming pool. Buy a bike. Go dancing.

3. LOSE EXCESS WEIGHT

Fat isn’t just ugly. It’s also deadly. This isn’t the time to mess around with gentle words like ‘plump’ or ‘chubby’. FAT kills. You don’t need scales or weight tables to find out if you’re fat. When you get undressed tonight, take a long, hard look at yourself in the mirror. You’ll know if you’re fat. If you are, make up your mind to do something about it.

To lose weight you need to eat less. And you must make sure that in future you only ever eat when you’re hungry.

4. KEEP AWAY FROM CIGARETTES

Cigarette smoke narrows your blood vessels and dramatically increases your chances of having a heart attack. The risk is highest if you’re a smoker. But you could be at risk even if you’re a non-smoker or if the people you live or work with smoke heavily. Smoking causes at least a quarter of all cases of heart disease. So give up smoking. Or cut down if you can’t give up. And if you’re a non-smoker, keep away from smoky rooms and avoid people who smoke.

Remember: you’re a thousand times more likely to be killed by someone else’s cigarette than by someone else’s gun.

There are millions hits on the internet search drive for Wellness – from mental to physical health, cardiac fitness, cancer, yoga, and with many other ideas getting honorable mention. It takes quite a bit of research to find any one site that has so much to offer on all these fronts, let alone one that can combine all the needs for your innermost wellness – joy, bliss and beyond. For wellness’ sake you can stop looking out there, and take some time for yourself, a sort of one-stop-shop: BalancedLifestyleWikipedia.

Also, stay informed about genuine reviews of the trendy products like Lean Belly Breakthrough, Grow Taller 4 Idiots and many more to nourish and transform your everyday self.